Republic of Germany
Sq Km (137,846 Sq Mi)
is located in North Central Europe, on the Great North European Plain. It
is bound by Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, the Baltic Sea to
the northeast, Denmark to the north, the North Sea to the northwest, the
Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France to the west, Switzerland to
the south and Austria to the south and southeast.
has a continental climate in the western regions of the country with
strong Atlantic influences in the northwest causing the winters to be mild
but stormy. Further inland the winter temperatures are lower and the
summers are warm with slightly higher temperatures in the southwest. A
temperate climate is experienced in the eastern regions with an Atlantic
influence giving rise to mild winters and cool summers. Due to a stronger
Alpine influence rather than the Atlantic in the interior, conditions are
generally wetter and colder at higher altitudes with snow lying in the
mountains for some time. Average annual precipitation in Berlin is 592 mm
(23 inches) and average annual temperature ranges are from 0.5 degrees
Celsius (31 degrees Fahrenheit) in January to 19 degrees Celsius (66
degrees Fahrenheit) in July.
official currency is the Euro divided into 100 cents.